Reproductive

VAGINITIS

DIAGNOSTICS

Juvenille vaginitis causes a yellow vaginal discharge in otherwise healthy immature bitches. The symptoms usually disappear with the first oestrus cycle, or following spey. Vaginitis in mature dogs is rarely primary and is typically secondary to strictures, foreign bodies or tumours. Investigation should focused on finding the primary disease.

TREATMENT

Antimicrobial therapy is not indicated for juvenile vaginitis, unless there is concurrent urinary tract infection. Local therapy can be used in adults and supplemented with systemic antimicrobials based on culture and susceptibility testing if necessary.

PYOMETRA

DIAGNOSTICS

Diagnosis is generally made based on clinical examination and results of ultrasonography.

TREATMENT

E. coli is the dominant bacteria in dogs and cats. Medical therapy can be attempted but salvage of reproductive potential is rare. Ovariohysterectomy is recommended. Antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended prior to surgery. See relevant guidelines.

MASTITIS

DIAGNOSTICS

Diagnosis is generally made from clinical signs. Mammary secretions should be submitted for culture and susceptibility testing.

TREATMENT

Most common bacteria isolated are E. coli and Staphylococci. Any abscesses should be opened and drained. Amoxycillin is recommended.

DURATION OF THERAPY

7-10 days52.

PROSTATITIS

See urinary tract guidelines for details.

 

See the evidence